Creating a Piano Tutorial Style Scratch Project

Using the original template we already had, I edited the pre-existing sprite costumes to look like the following:

Using the original template we already had, I edited the pre-existing sprite costumes to look like the following:

I later renamed each costume according to one of the notes in the song “Here Comes the Sun” (B, A, G, F#, E, D, C).

To make the falling sprites align with the piano keys, I changed the x coordinates in the code.

To portray the rhythm through the distance between each falling sprite. I told the sprites how long to wait before the next sprite fell. A quaver = 0.5 seconds, a crotchet = 1 second, a minum = 2 sec, semibreve = 4 sec. I even had a dotted quaver (0.75 sec) and a semiquaver (0.25).

Notation of ‘Here Comes the Sun’
Coding Musical Notation

I edited each of the sprites for the piano keys so that it would be clear when the key should be pressed when the falling sprites align with a circle.

In the pre-existing project that I began with, there was already coding to make the clones disappear once they reached the bottom of the screen. I edited the y coordinate in this code so that the falling sprites would disappear as soon as they aligned with the circles on the piano keys : y = -130.

After doing this I realised that the F# would prove to be a problem as the circles for the black notes were higher, therefore needed to be deleted at a higher y coordinate. I decided to create an entirely new sprite rather than create a costume for the F#. This way I could easily program that sprite to delete itself once it reached the appropriate y coordinate.

To emphasise when the falling sprites would align with a black key, I decided to change the colour of the falling sprites and the circles on the keys so that they matched. Yellow for white keys and green for black.

Since I created a new sprite for F#, I had to compensate for that in the coding which portrayed the rhythm. When an F# was played, the other sprites were told to “wait” the length in the notated rhythm + the length of the following F#. Likewise, the F# had to “wait” the length of all of the notes preceding it. You can see the waiting time between each F# in the screenshot below:

Published by jessicasuann

I am a student at Sydney Conservatorium of Music studying a Bachelor of Music (Education). I major in Classical Voice however throughout my studies I have practiced using a variety of pitched and non-pitched percussion, piano, guitar, and most recently; trumpet. Throughout my studies I've not only learnt how to encourage my future students to have an appreciation for music but have also extended my own appreciation and passion for music through exposure to a variety of new ways to express my musicality and experience music (predominately through technology and unique ensemble opportunities). Let's move away from "theory" vs "prac" structured lessons and adopt a more hands-on approach to music education. For a creative subject we should be teaching and learning about it in a creative way!

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